.. 

10 1991 . N 5832-91 

 

 

 

( -11) 

( -1) 

 

 

 

 

12.1.005-88. " - " 12.1.016-79. " . ". " " 0,5 . , , +/- 25%. 

- , - . 

() - - , 10 1991 . . 

N 1 06.02.92 " ". 

, 11, ., 1976 ., . 

 

C H NH CnH COOH 

6 11 2 2n+1 

 

1. -1  

- .  

10 13 

- . . . - 12. 

- , . 

- 0,5 /. . 

 

(C H ) NH CnH COOH 

6 11 2 2n+1 

 

2. -11 - . . . - 10 - 15 , - 0,923 /. . 

- , , . . 

- 1 /. . 

 

 

 

-11 -1 450 - 480 . 

-1 - 5 ; 

-11 - 10 . 

-1 - 0,25 /. ( 20 ), -11 - 0,5 /. ( 20 ). 

-1 0,25 4,0 /. , -11 0,5 5 /. . . 

+/- 25%. 

, , - 50 . 

 

, ,  

 

--20. 

, 20292-74, 1, 5, 10 0,01; 0,1 . 

, 1770-74, 25, 50 100 . 

, 1770-74, 10 . 

, 1770-74, 120 , 15 . 

50 . 

 

, ,  

 

, -11, 6-04-146-63. 

, -1. 

N 1, 100 -11 1 , 0,01 -11 100 ( 5 - 7 ). 

N 2, 100 -1 1 , -11. 

-, ..., 6-09-3375-78. 

, ... 

, 0,25% 0,05- . 

 

 

 

1 /. --20, , , 8 . ( + ). 1/2 20 . 

 

 

 

24. 

 

24 

 

 

 

TTTTTTT 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7  

+++++++++ 

N 1, 0 0,1 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1,0  

-, 4,0 3,9 3,8 3,6 3,4 3,2 3,0  

-11, 0 10 20 40 60 80 100  

L+++++++ 

 

0,2 ( -11 - 0,25- , -1 - 0,05- ). 5 . 450 - 480 10 . 2 - 3 . -. ( ). 

 

25 

 

 

 

TTTTTTT 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7  

+++++++++ 

N 2, 0 0,05 0,1 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8  

-, 4,0 3,95 3,9 3,8 3,6 3,4 3,2  

-1, 0 5 10 20 40 60 80  

L+++++++ 

 

 

 

, 5 -, 1 . , . , 4 . 4 - ( ) . , . . 

 

 

 

"" -11 -1 ( /. ) : 

 

 

= -----, 

 

- -11 -1, , ; 

- , ; 

- , , ; 

V - (), (. 1). 

-11 -1 . 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(20 , 760 . .) : 

 

V (273 + 20)  

V = ---------------------, 

20 (273 + t) 760 

 

V - , , ; 

- , . .; 

t - , . 

(. 2).  

V  

 

 

 

 

: +20  

760 . . 

 

, . .  

+TTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT+ 

730 732 734 736 738 740 742 744 746 748 750 752 754 756 758 760 762 764 766 768 770  

+++++++++++++++++++++++ 

-301,15821,16141,16461,16771,17091,17411,17721,18031,18361,18671,18991,19321,19631,19941,20261,20581,20891,21221,21531,21851,2217 

-281,14871,15191,15501,15811,16131,16441,16751,17071,17391,17701,18011,18341,18651,18961,19281,19591,19901,20221,20531,20841,2117 

-261,13931,14251,14561,14871,15191,15501,15811,16121,16441,16741,17051,17371,17681,17991,18311,18621,18931,19251,19561,19861,2018 

-241,13021,13341,13641,13911,14271,14541,14881,15191,15501,15811,16121,16441,16741,17051,17361,17671,17971,18291,18591,18911,1922 

-221,12121,12431,12741,13041,13361,13661,13961,14271,14581,14881,15191,15501,15811,16111,16431,16731,17031,17351,17651,17951,1827 

-201,11231,11551,11851,12151,12461,12761,13061,13371,13681,13981,14281,14591,14891,15191,15511,15811,16111,16431,16731,17031,1734 

-181,10361,10671,10971,11271,11581,11881,12181,12471,12781,13081,13381,13691,13991,14291,14601,14901,15191,15511,15811,16151,1642 

-161,09531,09811,10111,10411,10711,11011,11311,11601,11911,12211,12501,12821,13111,13411,13721,14011,14311,14621,14911,15211,1552 

-141,08661,08971,09261,09551,09861,10151,10451,10741,11051,11341,11641,11941,12241,12531,12841,13131,13431,13731,14021,14321,1463 

-121,07821,08131,08421,08711,09011,09311,09591,09891,10191,10491,10781,11081,11371,11661,11971,12261,12551,12851,13151,13441,1374 

-101,07011,07311,07601,07891,08191,08481,08771,09061,09361,09651,09941,10241,10531,10821,11121,11411,11691,12001,12291,12581,1288 

-8 1,06201,06501,06791,07081,07371,07661,07951,08241,08531,08821,09111,09411,09691,09981,10281,10571,10861,11151,11441,11731,1203 

-6 1,05401,05701,05991,06271,06571,06851,07141,07421,07721,08011,08291,08581,08871,09161,09451,09741,10031,10321,10611,10891,1118 

-4 1,04621,04911,05191,05481,05771,06051,06341,06621,06911,07191,07481,07771,08061,08341,08641,08921,09211,09491,09781,10061,1036 

-2 1,03851,04141,04421,04701,04991,05281,05561,05841,06131,06411,06691,06981,07261,07551,07841,08121,08411,08691,08971,09251,0955 

0 1,03091,03381,03661,03941,04231,04511,04771,05061,05351,05631,05911,06211,06481,06761,07051,07331,07611,07891,08171,08461,0875 

+2 1,02341,02631,02911,03181,03471,03751,04021,04301,04591,04871,05141,05431,05711,05981,06271,06551,06831,07821,07391,07671,0795 

+4 1,01601,01891,02161,02441,02721,02991,03271,03551,03831,04111,04381,04671,04941,05221,05511,05781,06051,06341,06621,06891,0717 

+6 1,00871,01151,01431,01701,01981,02261,02531,02801,03091,03361,03631,03921,04191,04461,04751,05021,05291,05571,05851,06121,0641 

+8 1,00151,00431,00701,00971,01261,01531,01791,02071,02351,02621,02891,03171,03451,03721,03991,04541,04271,04821,05091,05361,0565 

+100,99440,99720,99991,00261,00541,00811,01081,01341,01621,01891,02161,02441,02721,02981,03261,03531,03791,04071,04351,04621,0489 

+120,98750,99030,99290,99560,99841,00111,00371,00641,00921,01181,01451,01731,01991,02261,02541,02811,03071,03351,03621,03881,0416 

+140,98060,98330,98600,98860,99140,99400,99670,99931,00211,00481,00741,01021,01281,01551,01831,02091,02351,02631,02891,03161,0344 

+160,97370,97650,97910,98180,98450,98710,98980,99240,99510,99781,00041,00321,00581,00841,01121,01381,01641,01921,02181,02441,0272 

+180,96710,96980,97250,97510,97780,98040,98300,98560,98840,99090,99360,99680,99891,00101,00431,00691,00951,01221,01481,01751,0202 

+200,96050,96320,96580,96840,97110,97370,97630,97890,98160,98420,98680,98950,99210,99470,99741,00001,00261,00531,00791,01051,0132 

+220,95390,95660,95920,96180,96450,96700,96960,97230,97490,97750,98000,98270,98530,98790,99060,99320,99570,99851,00111,00361,0063 

+240,94750,95020,95270,95530,95790,96050,96310,96570,96830,97090,97350,97620,97870,98130,98390,98650,98910,99170,99430,99680,9995 

+260,94120,94380,94640,94890,95160,95410,95660,95920,96180,96440,96690,96960,97210,97470,97730,97990,98240,98510,98760,99020,9928 

+280,93490,93760,94010,94260,94530,94780,95030,95280,95550,95800,96050,96320,96570,96820,97080,97340,97590,97850,98110,98360,9863 

+300,92880,93140,93390,93640,93910,94150,94400,94660,94920,95170,95420,95680,95940,96180,96450,96700,96950,97230,97460,97720,9797 

+320,92270,92520,92770,93020,93280,93530,93780,94030,94290,94790,94790,95050,95300,95550,95810,96060,96310,96570,96820,97070,9733 

+340,91670,91930,92180,92420,92680,92930,93180,93420,93680,93930,94180,94440,94680,94930,95190,95440,95690,95950,96190,96440,9669 

+360,91070,91330,91580,91820,92080,92330,92570,92820,93080,93320,93570,93820,94070,94320,94570,94820,95070,95320,95570,95820,9607 

+380,90490,90740,90990,91230,91490,91730,91980,92220,92480,92720,92970,93220,93470,93710,93970,94210,94450,94710,94950,95200,9545 

+400,89910,90170,90410,90650,90900,91150,91390,91630,91890,92130,92370,92630,92870,93110,93370,93610,93850,94110,94350,94590,9485 

L+++++++++++++++++++++ 

 

 

 


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